Editorial Services

Sarah Wolbach

From seeing the big picture to fixing errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation, an editor makes sure that your ideas are presented in the best way possible.


Most of the following definitions apply to book editing; however, copyediting and proofreading also are essential to the process of creating strong website content or other copy.

Substantive Editing

Substantive editing includes in-depth suggestions to the author about the organization and presentation of content. Keeping the “big picture” in mind, the editor looks for ways to improve the structure and style of the manuscript. Substantive editing may involve some rewriting, or suggestions for rewriting.

Good editors have a light hand. I don’t make significant changes without checking with the author first; I respect the author’s voice and style.


At this stage, a manuscript is tightened and smoothed out. When I copyedit your manuscript, I make sure that the sentences and paragraphs are structured correctly and flow logically from one to another. I also correct errors in spelling, grammar, word usage, and punctuation.


This is the final stage of preparing a manuscript or other copy for publication. After the work has been edited, I check for typos and fix errors in spelling, punctuation, and basic formatting that have been missed during the editing process. I compare the final version of the manuscript to earlier versions and make sure that marked changes have been made correctly.

I am not a web designer or a book designer, but I am happy to refer you to experts in these and other fields, here.